Ibeji Twin

edc-0715-3_ibeji_f_  edc-0715-3_ibeji_b_  edc-0715-3_ibeji_34p_

edc-0715-3_ibeji_f1_  edc-0715-3_ibeji_v1_  edc-0715-3_ibeji_b1_  edc-0715-3_ibeji_342p_

EDC 0715-03

Female “ere ibeji” twin figure in beaded coat, Yoruba, Nigeria

H: 20 cm (7,9”), W: 30 cm (11,8”)

This exceptional specimen of a ‘ere ibej’ figure is dressed in a miniature version of the costume worn by a priest of the god Shango.

The costume is made of several layers of cloth sewn and embroidered with hundreds of polychrome miniature glass beads. A similar example published by R.F. Thompson indicates that pieces like this one was made by the carver Amos Lafia in Ibadan. The glass-bead ornamentation of the costume symbolizes Mpatapo “Knot of pacification/reconciliation”.

The figure rises from a circular base, it has rounded shoulders and arms merged with the upper leg. The schematic female body with back tattoos and a fine chain with blue glass beads around the neck is crowned by a big head with a high classical Abeokuta coiffure, dyed with indigo paint.

Age: Est. beg. 20th Century

Provenance: The Dessau Collection, France

Literature: Eric Herold; “Africa Art” 1989 (P.102). Robert Farris Thompson; “Black Gods and Kings” 1959. Bascom, W. (1973). “African art in cultural perspective”. Bolajildowu, E. (1973). African traditional religion. A definition. Nylander, P. P. S. (1979). “The twinning incidence in Nigeria”. Olaleye-Oruene, T. (1983). “Cultic powers of Yoruba twins”. Zuring, J. (1977). “Tweelingen in Afrika” [Twins in Africa]. Tilburg, Holland: H. Gianotten. “Twin Research” April 2002

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